The bird diversity of Mallorca is very high and the island is home to many species that are rare or absent on the continent. Some of the resident birds are: Black (=Cinereous) and Griffon vultures, Booted and Bonelli’s eagles, Osprey, Peregrine, Scops owl, Blue rock thrush, Moustached warbler, Reed Bunting, Red-knobbed coot, Purple swamphen, Black-crowned night heron, Audouin’s Gull, Mediterranean shag, Hoppoe, Stone curlew, Sardinian warbler, European serin, Cirl bunting, Red crossbill, Firecrest, Wryneck.
In spring many birds arrive to Mallorca to breed on the island; this is the case of the Eleonora’s falcon, Purple and Squacco herons, Little bittern, Woodchat Shrike, Nightingale, Spotted flycatcher (Balearic subspecies), Yellow wagtail, Scopoli’s shearwater and European Bee-eater, among many others.
Species that winter in Mallorca include: Alpine accentor, Black redstart, Bluethroat, European starling, European robin, Common crane, Greater flamingo, Great egret, Dunlin, Grey plover and many species of ducks (Pintail, Garganey, Eurasian Wigeon, Tufted duck, Eurasian teal).
Thousands of migratory birds fly over the island in spring and autumn; just to mention a few of them: Honey buzzard, Golden oriole, Common Redstart, Common Whitethroat, Pied Flycatcher, Red-backed Shrike and many waders: Curlew sandpiper, Ruff, Bar-tailed godwit, Collared pratincole, etc.
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